National Sample Survey
The Government of India has been conducting multipurpose socio-economic sample surveys to collect the information on important selected subjects since 1950. The Government of Maharashtra started participating in this programme on a matching sample basis since 1955 i.e. from the 9th round of the National Sample Survey. The purpose of this participation is to make available the estimates on various aspects of socio-economic conditions of the State more accurately by pooling the Central and State sample data. This also helps in making available the State level estimates (based on State sample) more quickly.

National Income
The Directorate of Economics and Statistics (DES), Maharashtra has been compiling the estimates of State Income as per the standard methodology recommended by Central Statistics Office (CSO), New Delhi, since last six decades. The first estimate of State Income for the erstwhile Bombay province for the year 1948-49 was published by this Directorate in January 1950. The series of State Income estimates was first published for the years 1960-61 to 1967-68 at current prices and at constant (1960-61) prices, in ‘Maharashtra - an Economic Review 1968-69’. There on, the estimates of State Income are being prepared on a regular basis. DES has incorporated conceptual and methodological improvements as well as latest available data along with the revision in the base year. The estimates of GSDP and NSDP for all the sectors of the economy and Per capita income are compiled by this Directorate regularly every year and published in the “Economic Survey of Maharashtra” which is tabled in the Budget session of the State Assembly.

Economic Division
Separate Consumer Prices Indices for Rural & Urban areas of the State are compiled by this section. Base year for current series is 2003. Retail prices are collected on weekly basis from 68 rural centres for 106 commodities and from 74 urban centres for 127 commodities. (Centres are representative of the districts.)

Annual Survey of Industries
ASI is the major source of industrial statistics. Till 2004 -05, reports were generated based on Central data. From ASI 2005-06, data is being collected from factories selected in state sample in the forms prescribed by Central Statistical Office (CSO). It covers all factories registered under the Section 2m(i) and 2m(ii) of the Factories Act, 1948 and Beedi & Cigar units registered under the Beedi and Cigar workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966.Detailed information on number of factories in the State, fixed and working capital, number of workers and their wages, total production, material consumed, value added, etc. is obtained from this form Data processing along with field work is being done in the branch Central sample data obtained from CSO and state sample are pooled together to get district level estimates.

Factory Statistics
Annual returns (form 27) are received from around 45,000 registered factories in Maharashtra through Directorate of Industrial Safety and Health (DISH) and these are being processed. Form 27 contains information on no. of workers, total mandays/hours, facilities provided to workers like canteen, ambulance room, creches , safety officer, etc. Different reports are sent to Labour Bureau, GoI and DISH on the basis of this information.

Evaluation
Evaluation is an integral part of the planning process. The Directorate of Economics & Statistics functions as principal evaluation organization of the State for evaluating various development schemes implemented by the State Government. Evaluation studies are carried out by the evaluation branch of the Directorate. The main objectives of the evaluation studies are to assess i) How far the objectives of the scheme / program are achieved, ii) whether the beneficiaries belonged to target groups, iii) whether the assistance under the scheme was adequate and timely, iv) The extent of impact of the scheme on the beneficiaries and v) The bottlenecks in the implementation of the scheme / program. The success, failure and errors in implementation of the scheme are brought to the notice through evaluation studies. The administrative departments/implementing agencies get an opportunity to implement with better way and effectively by eliminating these errors, therefore evaluation has an unique importance in the planning process.